Bodegas Castaño is located in Yecla, a small town in the north of the province of Murcia. Its boundaries exactly coincide with DO Yecla (appellation of origin), being one of the few appellations that only covers one single borough.
DO Yecla distinguishes two different geographical areas:
- Campo Arriba (High Land) to the North at a height of 700-800 metres above sea level with a deep limy soil made up of 70% limestone, 15% sand and 15% clay. Very poor in organic sediment and water resources.
- Campo Abajo (Low Land) to the South at a height of 400-500 metres above sea level and a soil composition of 40% limestone, 50% clay and 10% sand. A fresher kind of soil with higher humus component.
Yecla has a clear different microclimate if compared with the rest of the province of Murcia, with minimum temperatures around – 4/6ºC in normal winters and over 40ºC in summer. The average rainfall ranges from 250 to 350 litres per square metre a year and the annual sunshine rate is 3000 hours.
Located to the North of the province of Murcia, in the South-East of Spain, the Appellation of Origin Yecla covers exactly the boundaries of the municipality at an altitude of 400-800 metres above sea level.
Its viticulture and winemaking tradition goes back to the Phoenicians. The numerous archaeological rests found in the area show the notable winemaking activity during the Roman occupation. Some time later, in the 18th century Yecla appears under the consideration of Great Winery in Felipe II ’s Chronicles. This tradition has been wisely kept over the years giving birth to a high quality wine production which is currently regulated by the Consejo Regulador (regulating council) that guarantees the quality of the wines by a strict control of both vineyards and wineries.
The appellation covers around 6500 hectares of vineyard in total and the grape varieties which are authorised to elaborate wines under the regulations of DO Yecla are,
White varieties: Macabeo, Chardonnay, Airén, Malvasía, Merseguera, Sauvignon Blanc and Moscatel de Grano Menudo.
Red varieties: Monastrell, Garnacha Tinta, Garnacha Tintorera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Tempranillo and Syrah.